Histoire des femmes

Découvrez des femmes remarquables et leur travail au cours de l’histoire

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Articles de blog
Hildegard von Bingen

Celebrating an early ecofeminist

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
Articles de blog
The Vivandières: women in the army

How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

Articles de blog
Not just a pretty face

Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

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black and white photograph of a young woman holding a horn-like musical instrument and a bag with an image of the horn
Women's history

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Fashion

black and white image of front cover of Femina magazine from 1906
Articles de blog
Femina Magazine

'The perfect review for women and girls’

A tray with 19 colourful embroidered buttons
Articles de blog
Women crafting freedom

The Antonia Suardi collection showcases the creative independence and activism of embroidery.

Tapestry full of motifs typical of dove-tail tapestries from Torna. Carnations, tulips, other flowers, birds and people, surround a flower vase.
Articles de blog
A Song of Love: Swedish Textiles

Stories of women's aspirations, support for one another and hidden power

stylised drawings of sleek women in fashionable thirties outfits
Articles de blog
Suits for women

Suits for women, designed by women: questioning the status quo through fashion

yellow, orange and white kimono with red and black dots
Articles de blog
Kimono

Kimono's social history represents a unique cultural exchange between Japan and Europe

colour photograph of three long dresses against a black background, one dress is orange, one is silver, one is red
Articles de blog
Bias cut fashion

Pioneered by designer Madeleine Vionnet, bias cut fashion turned a technical innovation into curvaceous silhouettes

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Articles de blog
Elsa Schiaparelli

Declaring feminine willpower through fashion, Elsa Schiaparelli is one of fashion history's most renowned personalities.

Galeries
A century of silhouettes

Discover the changing silhouettes of women's fashion in the 20th century.

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Articles de blog
Folk Greek bridal gowns

Bridal dresses in traditional Greek culture are colourful, rich and varied.

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Articles de blog
Liberation Skirts

How Dutch women turned post-war upcycling into a symbol of female solidarity

Articles de blog
Callot Soeurs

A female fashion family affair. Callot Soeurs was one of the most influential fashion houses of the 20th century.

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Articles de blog
Marie Jeanette de Lange

Active in the Dutch reform dress movement, Marie-Jeanette de Lange left a legacy on female fashion and society

Galeries
Corsets

For centuries, women have worn corsets as part of their wardrobes, despite becoming less popular during the 20th century

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
Articles de blog
The Vivandières: women in the army

How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

Literature & writers

Articles de blog
Hildegard von Bingen

Celebrating an early ecofeminist

Detail of a medieval miniature showing a woman (Erythraea) writing a scroll.
Galeries
Female literacy in the Middle Ages

Female literacy during the Middle Ages was surprisingly high and many women encouraged reading and learning.

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
Articles de blog
Sarojini Naidu

India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

colour illustration of a woman wearing a dress standing near a dressed bear which stands on its hind legs
Articles de blog
Beauty and the Beast

Meet the female authors and illustrators who brought the fairy tale to life

Galeries
Female authors

Portraits of poets, authors, journalists and writers from across Europe.

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Articles de blog
Jelena Dimitrijević

Serbia’s first feminist author: a writer and traveller who led a remarkable life

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Articles de blog
Madame de Staël

Writer, republican, literary theoretician and philosopher.

Articles de blog
Lorde, Baldwin & Roemer

Three Black authors from the Americas who have lived in Europe

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Articles de blog
Astrid Lindgren

Learn about the life of the Swedish author and activist who wrote beloved children's books.

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Articles de blog
Celebrity chefs of the past

Meet the women who taught Europe to cook.

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Articles de blog
Travelling through the pages

Travelling in our minds with books, like Selma Lagerlöf's The Wonderful Adventures of Nils

black and white illustration, portrait of a woman wearing a dress and a crucifix
Articles de blog
Matilde Serao's war diary

World War I diaries of a journalist and novelist who was Italy's first female newspaper editor

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Articles de blog
5 European anti-heroines

Read about female characters in European literature who broke the mould.

lithograph depicting a portrait of Anna Maria van Schurman
Personne
Anna Maria van Schurman

van Schurman was a humanist, writer, and poet in the 17th Century. Se was the first female Dutch university student.

Expositions
Dora Gabe

One of Bulgaria’s most cherished poets during her lifetime

Performing arts

colourised photograph of Rosario Soler
Articles de blog
Rosario Soler

Popular Spanish soprano singer and actor in the early 20th century

Articles de blog
Not just a pretty face

Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

colour painting of La Goulue
Articles de blog
La Goulue

Meet 'the Queen of Montmartre', the French can-can dancer at the Moulin Rouge in Paris

cropped black and white photograph of Raffaella Carra
Articles de blog
Raffaella Carrà

Beloved Italian entertainment icon: a singer, dancer, actor and television star

Articles de blog
Madame Delait, bearded lady

Clémentine Delait was a French bearded lady who found fame in the early 20th century

Photo of Billie Holiday with her dog
Articles de blog
Young, Gifted and Black

Black women's jazz legacies in Europe

black and white cropped drawing of ballerina Fanny Elssler
Articles de blog
Fanny Elssler

Learn about the Austrian ballerina, one of the finest dancers of the Romantic era

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Articles de blog
Unė Baye

From Hollywood glamour to the Siberian gulag, explore this Lithuanian actor and director's life

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Articles de blog
Lucile Grahn

The first Danish ballerina to became internationally famous and pursue a ballet career

black and white portrait of Alice Guy-Blaché
Articles de blog
Alice Guy-Blaché

Alice Guy-Blaché was a cinema pioneer: the first female film director and the first woman to run her own studio

Articles de blog
Eartha Kitt

Singer, actor and activist known for her distinctive singing style and voice

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Articles de blog
Jenny Lind: the Swedish Nightingale

Hugely talented Swedish opera singer who enjoyed worldwide fame in the mid-19th century

Articles de blog
Miriam Makeba, Mama Africa

Singer-songwriter and advocate for the rights of Black people across the world

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Articles de blog
Liane de Pougy

From Folies Bergère to Order of Saint Dominic - the incredible story of one woman: a courtesan, a princess and a saint

black and white photograph of a woman wearing a suit, she is lying down singing into a microphone
Articles de blog
Siw Malmkvist

Meet the singer and actress who was the first Swede to hit the US charts

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Articles de blog
Pola Negri

The cinematic life of Poland’s first film star

black and white photograph of Suzy Solidor who sits in a car with a large dog sitting next to her
Articles de blog
Suzy Solidor

Lesbian entrepreneur, actress, singer and 'the most painted woman in the world

Articles de blog
Anna May Wong

Challenging the stereotypes of Hollywood

Articles de blog
Monica Zetterlund

Swedish jazz singer and actress Monica Zetterlund’s long career lasted for several decades.

Articles de blog
Josephine Baker

Dancer, spy and freedom fighter - Josephine Baker was a force throughout her life as a performer and activist.

Society & politics

Articles de blog
Historical women with disabilities

Four women who helped change the world we live in

Articles de blog
The Indian Suffragettes

Four Indian women who brought about change in Britain and India

a bronze bust of Rosa Luxemburg stands on a pedestal in a park. Her halflong hair bobs around her face, she stares defiantly into the distance.
Articles de blog
Rosa Luxemburg

Her passion for revolution and justice sent shockwaves through German society

colour portrait of Simone Veil
Articles de blog
Simone Veil

Activist, feminist, politician and Holocaust survivor, whose life reflects high and low points of the 20th century

Organisation
Atria collections

Browse the collections of Atria, an Amsterdam-based institute on gender equality and women's history

colour illustration of women wearing dresses working in fields while men hold umbrellas over them
Articles de blog
Picturing women at work

What visual representations of women working tell us about women’s history

black and white portrait of Angela Davis
Articles de blog
Angela Davis

African-American political activist, philosopher and author combatting racism, sexism and homophobia

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Articles de blog
A woman’s work is never done

Long before the home office was invented, working at home was already commonplace for one group within society: women.

Galeries
Women at Work

Women's work has long been overlooked, raising questions of equality, rights and work-life balance.

Galeries
Suffragettes

The long and hard battle for social reform and a voice for women in politics.

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Articles de blog
Carving a place for women

How many statues in your hometown represent women?

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Articles de blog
Countess Markievicz

Political pioneer who was a leader in the fight for Ireland’s independence

Illustration of four types of parrots by Graceanna Lewis. Depicts a macaw, lory, ground parrot, and cockatoo (the last is a reproduction of an illustration by John Gould)
Expositions
Women writing birds

Learn about pioneering American ornithologists and their early environmental activism

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
Articles de blog
Sarojini Naidu

India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

Sport

A  group of women standing in a circle with raised arms, performing at the gymnastic festival.
Galeries
Women, sport and dictatorships

Gallery of propaganda images for sport events where women had to confront idealised stereotypes of their bodies.

colour painting of gymnast Věra Čáslavská doing a gymnastics move
Articles de blog
Gymnast Věra Čáslavská

Icon of Czech gymnastics who subtly protested Soviet invasion at the 1968 Olympics

black and white photograph, woman ice skating with her arms raised
Articles de blog
Sjoukje Dijkstra

Champion figure skater who was the first Dutch gold medal winner at the Winter Olympic Games

sepia photograph of a woman standing side-on to the camera wearing a swim suit
Articles de blog
Fanny Durack

Irish-Australian who won the first women’s Olympic swimming medal

black and white photograph of Kay Espenhayn
Expositions
Kay Espenhayn

German swimmer in the Paralympic Games who won multiple medals

colour photograph of Kathleen McKane Godfree playing tennis
Articles de blog
Kathleen McKane Godfree

Champion tennis player in the 1920s who won Olympic medals and Wimbledon titles

colourised photograph of Sonja Henie who is jumping during an figure skating routine
Expositions
Sonja Henie

Norwegian figure skater who has won more Olympic and World titles than any other female figure skater

six young women lined up at the beginning of a running race
Articles de blog
School sports

Explore archive photographs of sporting activities at a girls school in Dublin

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Articles de blog
Trude Pritzi & Richard Bergmann

Table tennis world champions from Vienna

Black and white photograph of Lidiya Skoblikova skating in front of a large crowd
Expositions
Lidiya Skoblikova

Russian speed skater who won six Olympic gold medals

Lilly Steinschneider wearing a pilot costume, she is holding her eye protecting goggles and her pilot cap in her right hand
Articles de blog
Lilly Steinschneider

Hungary's first female pilot who conqueried the skies in 1912

Articles de blog
Éva Székely, swimmer and survivor

Hungarian Olympic gold medallist who survived the Holocaust and lived through the 1956 Revolution

Pionnières

Une exposition consacrée à huit femmes européennes remarquables dans les arts, les sciences et la société.

Tessa Verney Wheeler
Articles de blog
Groundbreaking women in archaeology

Discover the stories of pioneering female archaeologists from across Europe

Expositions
Maria Skłodowska-Curie

The famous scientist is remembered for her discoveries and pioneering research on radioactivity.

Expositions
Aletta Jacobs

Aletta Jacobs was one of the women involved in fighting for suffrage who had a profound impact on Dutch society.

Expositions
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu

Born Elisa Leonida in 1887, this pioneer had engineering in her blood.

Susan Fenimore Cooper
Expositions
Susan Fenimore Cooper

America's first female nature writer

A portrait of Olive Thorne Miller from 'A Woman of the Century' (1893) edited by Frances Elizabeth Willard and Mary Ashton Rice Livermore
Expositions
Olive Thorne Miller

Contributed to the bird welfare movement of the 19th century by protesting against Victorian taxidermy fashion

Portrait of Graceanna Lewis
Expositions
Graceanna Lewis

Self-taught scientist leading research at the margin of the male-dominated sphere of formal academic associations.

Portrait of young Florence Merriam Bailey
Expositions
Florence Merriam Bailey

First female associate member of the American Ornithologists’ Union and an activist against the plumage trade

Portrait of young Fannie Hardy
Expositions
Fannie Hardy Eckstorm

Ornithologist and folklorist who was a supporter of the democratisation of science

Art

painting of by Rosalba of herself holding a portait of her sister
Articles de blog
Rosalba Carriera

Renowned painter of the Republic of Venice

landscape painting of a woman standing in a garden with view of Vienna in background
Articles de blog
Tina Blau

Explore the art of a 19th century Austrian Impressionist who was known for landscape studies

black and white photograph, a young woman and her reflection
Galeries
Pioneer women photographers

Explore photographs by pioneering women photographers from across Europe

black and white photograph, portrait of Frida Kahlo
Articles de blog
Frida Kahlo

Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is a role model for generations of artists, bisexual women and people with disabilities.

Galeries
Art by female artists

Celebrating artworks by a selection of significant female artists from across Europe and throughout history

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Articles de blog
Dublin statues by female sculptors

Exploring public art in Dublin by three female sculptors

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Articles de blog
Olga Boznańska

A life devoted to art

Expositions
Women in Art Nouveau

How Art Nouveau reflects women’s changing roles and status in the late 19th century.

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Articles de blog
Anna Atkins & Algae

British botanist and photographer, Anna Atkins was a pioneer in photography and cyanotypes

From Russia with love: Misia Sert, queen of Paris

Misia Sert was one of the most intriguing and influential women in Belle Époque Paris.

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Articles de blog
Gerda Koepff

Pioneering Art Nouveau collector

Expositions
Maria Sibylla Merian

Maria Sibylla Merian was born in Frankfurt in 1647 and raised in a family of artists.

Expositions
Sofonisba Anguissola

Italian Renaissance painter Sofonisba Anguissola was the first female artist to achieve international recognition

Expositions
Amalia Lindegren

Amalia Euphrosyne Lindegren was one of Sweden’s most popular 19th century artists and painters.

Scénarios d’apprentissage sur les femmes

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A Timeline of women’s rights

Cooperative learning, Cultural awareness and expression, Language - Upper Secondary Education

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BreakOUT the Glass Ceiling

English - Upper secondary, VET

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Middle Ages Feminism and Philosophy

English, French, History, Philosophy - Secondary school, Upper secondary

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Labour Market and Women

English, History, Language subjects - Upper secondary

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Farsa de Inês Pereira

English, History - Upper secondary

Encourage Young Women to Create Their Own Websites

A Learning Scenario on why girls often refrain from taking up education in STEM fields. One of the reasons is the lack of inspiration and role models.

Women at Work

In this learning scenario learn how the position of women in the labour market has changed significantly over the centuries. Discover how women transcended traditional roles associated with household work and domestic tasks.

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Women, feminism and human rights

This learning scenario illustrates the importance of human rights and women’s rights in the context of feminism.

Gender inequality in workplaces

This learning scenario is about the problem of gender inequality and workplace diversity in Serbia and possibly in other European countries.

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(stereo)Typical Women

Art, English - Upper secondary, VET

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Women in History colouring book

Art, English, History - Primary School

The Powerful Women in Europe

When trying to connect Cultural Heritage and Primary school, some difficulties might arise due to the difficulty in adapting the lesson to the level of the students or making them realize the importance of History and its impact in our lives. Working with…

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Slava Raskaj – Life and work

Art, English, History - Secondary Schools

Blogs

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Articles de blog
Flowers to fight diseases

How Swede Beda Hallberg battled a pandemic with small paper flowers

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Articles de blog
The Story of Monopoly

How Charles stole Lizzie’s idea and made his fortune

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Articles de blog
Roots of Mother's Day

From earth goddess festival to family feast - did you know that Mother’s Day has its roots in ancient traditions?

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Articles de blog
Singer sewing machines

Discover the history of the Singer company and their world-changing sewing machines.

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Articles de blog
Queen of Arts: Christina of Sweden

Christina of Sweden was one of the most learned women and benefactors in Rome.

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Articles de blog
Fàbrica Gròber: industrial landmark

The Fàbrica Gròber textile factory is a landmark of Girona history even today, 40 years after its closure.

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Articles de blog
‘Women, beware of bicycle face!’

It is hard to imagine that a little over a century ago, women were discouraged from riding their bicycles.

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Articles de blog
Death to Militarism!

The Women's Peace Party was founded in 1915 as a reaction to the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.

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Articles de blog
Breastfeeding heritage

As long as there have been babies, there has been breastfeeding

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