Discover the 20th century

Explore collections and stories from 20th century history and culture


A man, in frame on the right, twiddles knobs on a large IBM computer, while a mirror on the left shows the rest of the office, filled with computers of varying sizes, in its reflection.

Groundbreaking 20th-century inventions in transport, industry, media and everyday life


Explore different family concepts and discourses, looking back at the 20th century

a group of jewish women sit around a table

A J-story virtual exhibit on Jewish Women in the Century of Change

Videos and Podcasts

Stories to feast your eyes and ears on

three children are sitting at a desk, wearing headphones and laughing at what they are hearing.
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Listen to a podcast on the stories of Nobel Prize winners throughout the 20th Century

Luca Missoni in front of a board with different pattern designs.
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A Vlog Series with Luca Missoni - Europeana XX Ambassador of Change

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The rise of consumerism in the 20th century

In this final episode of Story Flix, take a sneak peek into the history of fashion in the 20th Century


black and white photograph of Titus Brandsma
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Explore the archive of Titus Brandsma, a Dutch Catholic martyr who was an influential priest and professor

Discover the collaboration between EFHA and the Fashion Design department at the Università di Firenze

black and white photograph of a people walking in an urban street
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Tracing the term ghetto through history across several centuries - from the Jewish ghetto of Venice to 'ghetto fabulous'

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The so-called father of nuclear chemistry and godfather of nuclear fission.

black and white photograph portrait of Werner Heisenberg with a red square line drawn around him
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Meet Heisenberg: a quantum mechanics pioneer and an icon of 20th-century science history

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The animation studio that created the cartoons Polish kids grew up on

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The dissolution of the Jewish communities of the Arab world is commemorated on November 30.

black and white photograph of a group of men on a quayside by a large ship
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Exploring stories and oral histories relating to Irish emigration in the 20th century

a Citroen DS car rides through a busy city street in Europe in the sixties.
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The 20th century car: from luxury and commodity to icon

beige badge with 1940 Olympic logo, photographed on a red background
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Exploring the Olympic Games that never happened

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Recordings, reports and more relating to migration, found on Europeana

Black and white photograph of two people with long hair and loose-fitting clothing sitting on a stone wall
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British, Dutch and German counterculture movements of the 1960s were much more than just being against the mainstream

stylised drawings of sleek women in fashionable thirties outfits
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Suits for women, designed by women: questioning the status quo through fashion

colour portrait of Simone Veil
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Activist, feminist, politician and Holocaust survivor, whose life reflects high and low points of the 20th century

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Investigating examples of how social changes of the 20th century have been reflected on pellicule.

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The emergence of the teenager in mid-20th-century Europe

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Remembering Bravery within Tragedy

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The flapper style of the 20s is associated was an expression of a women's new-found freedom and style in fashion.

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LGBTQ+ in 20th-century photography and film.

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Women in early 20th-century photography, film and advertising.

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Polish Jewish migrant Tuschinski established several cinemas in the Netherlands, particularly in Amsterdam and Rotterdam

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For Jews around the world, the beginning of autumn is also the time of the Jewish New Year, or Rosh Hashanna in Hebrew

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For most of us, the Eurovision Song Contest is a show we tune into once a year. But the Contest is much more than that.

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How changes in aviation policies introduced art to the airport

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The importance of the journey as an integral part of travel rose significantly in the 20th Century.

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From the very start of the 20th century, nutrition was considered as essential to well-being as physical exercise.

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Spas and wellness resorts in the 20th Century

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‘wellness’ as it’s been known since the 1950s – has been at the pinnacle of human aspirations for many centuries.


Every one of these inventions represents a remarkable venture into creative thinking by their inventor.

Explore this atmospheric set of travel pictures, postcards and videos, exuding the styles and flavors of the seventies.

Offering large assortments, self-service and discount prices, American-style supermarkets took post-war Europe by storm.

Electrification is considered to be one of the most important technological innovations of the 20th century.

These products' design doesn't always convey their function. Can you guess what they were for?

DKW or 'Das Kleine Wunder' was a German brand of motorized vehicles that took the market by storm in the 1920s.

Our food habits thoroughly changed in the 20th century: snacking has become ubiquitous, with endless options.

A distinctive pallet, imaginative perspectives and clever compositions: the ads of Norwegian photographer Leif Ørnelund

black and white photograph of the facade of a modern circular theatre building, beset with a striking collage of glass windows.

Founded in Moscow, the Habima theatre company dreamed of a Jewish cultural renaissance through Hebrew.

a model walks down the catwalk in a soft beige-blue power suit

In the 70s and 80s, power suits became a way for women to establish their authority in a male-dominated world.

Nadine Gordimer

This gallery celebrates outstanding accomplishments in Chemistry, Physics, Medicine, Literature and Peace.


Ground Control's job is to make sure we reach our destination safe and sound


These vintage classrooms paint a vivid picture of what school days used to be like.


Summertime is the perfect season for camping out


On the 2nd of October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, we celebrate the International day of Non-violence.


These artful posters from around the world advertise beautiful travels and destinations.


Today’s airport is so much more than a doorway to the world.

a boy in a spacesuit holding a cracker

Space traveling is cutting-edge science but can also be serious fun


luxury luggage, first-class fashions, and stylish accessories


A global youth movement founded in 1908


Since the early 20th century, caravans have been a holiday home away from home


Discover gamechangers in the history of medicine, a tribute to healthcare workers keeping us safe and healthy every day.

Family Matters

This exhibition explores how the 20th century changed family life

Three women are drawn in pencil on a red background, represented being engaged, married, and divorced.

Families are the fundamental group unit of society. But who decides what constitutes a family?

A person hugs a bunch of children that crowd around, possibly orphans.

Never were people’s lives so heavily impacted as during the two World Wars, which was deadlier than any other conflict.

A large extended family wearing colourful clothing poses for a picture

Coined in the 1920s, the term ‘nuclear family’ refers to a compact family unit of two adults and their children.


Explore the full Family Matters exhibition

Browse through 20th century collections

a man with a mullet, steel frame glasses and a thick moustache holds a handful of barbie dolls, proudly showing them to the camera.

The 20th century chronicle of German press photographer Günter Ackermann

Interior of a home in the seventies, with a white tube television on a white dresser filled with books.

Flip through the Norwegian interior design magazine Bonytt, giving you a glimpse into the homes of the 20th Century


Geared up for war!

advertisements showing stereotypes and consumerism in post-war Germany.


Archives of the Italian luxury fashion house Missoni.

An 8-part Polish documentary series on World War II.

A collection of footage on the Spanish Civil War from Filmoteca de Catalunya.

Fashionable shades from throughout the 20th century.

Videos all about airplanes and flying.

Stills and excerpts from Polish children animation shows.

a stylised poster that reads 'Stoffe der Wiener Werkstätte'

Discover the artisan cooperative that pioneered modern design and influenced the Bauhaus and Art Deco

two astronauts on the surface of the moon, deploying testing equipment.

These visuals show both iconic and mysterious stories from the press covering life in the cosmos.

In this video gallery, craftsmen and -women from Germany and Central Europe show their outstanding skills.

A video gallery of content exploring customs from Central Europe, from TIB.

A video gallery depicting beekeeping and beekeepers from throughout the 20th Century

the American Embassy in Oslo (Norway), dated 1959, is an architectural gem designed by Finnish modernist Eero Saarinen.

Clothing styles from the 1950s


colour advertising photograph, a group of people pose on chairs in a living room setting

Still-lifes by advertising photographer Karl-Erik Granath, scenes which capture the essence of their time


Don Emilio Pucci, Marchese di Barsento: a 20th-century fashion icon

Vlogging circa 1900: Julius Neubronner's home videos.

The glamourous portraits of Austrian star photographer Dora Kallmus.

Watch short movies of Belgian director Charles Dekeukeleire.

Learn more about the Polish film director Kieślowski.