Jewellery or jewelry (/ˈdʒuːəl(ə)ri/) is small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. Jewellery may be attached to the body or the clothes, and the term is restricted to durable ornaments, excluding flowers for example. For many centuries metal, often combined with gemstones, has been the normal material for jewellery, but other materials such as shells and other plant materials may be used. It is one of the oldest type of archaeological artefact – with 100,000-year-old beads made from Nassarius shells thought to be the oldest known jewellery. The basic forms of jewellery vary between cultures but are often extremely long-lived; in Western cultures the most common forms of jewellery listed above have persisted since ancient times, while other forms such as adornments for the nose or ankle, important in other cultues, are much less common. Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials, but gemstones and similar materials such as amber and coral, precious metals, beads, and shells have been widely used, and enamel has often been important. In most cultures jewellery can be understood as a status symbol, for its material properties, its patterns, or for meaningful symbols. Jewellery has been made to adorn nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings, and even genital jewellery. The patterns of wearing jewellery between the sexes, and by children and older people can vary greatly between cultures, but adult women have been the most consistent wearers of jewellery; in modern Western culture the amount worn by adult males is relatively low compared with other cultures and other periods in Western culture. The word jewellery itself is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French "jouel", and beyond that, to the Latin word "jocale", meaning plaything. In British English, it is spelled jewellery, while the spelling is jewelry in American English.
Ett par flätade ankelband. Används av flickor innan de gift sig. Orig. nr 2246. Celebes: Poso: Poso. Huvudbonad o. ringar.; 1951.23.1442a-b; för ogifta flickor; Walter Kaudern jan.; Tóro, by sydöst om Koeláwi, bygd i NV Central Celebes; Tóro, by sydöst om Koeláwi, bygd i NV...
Hårpinne av aliminium, längd 13,5 cm.; 1974.14.0102; Kjell Zetterström; Gbelay, Nimba Country, Liberia; Gbelay, Nimba County, Liberia. [[Haga]]; skiss; mano; Årsberättelse 1974, Årstryck 1974, Göteborgs Etnografiska Museum; Liberia
Läppprydnad.; 1949.05.0271; John Hilberth; Bilolo, Nola. A.E.F.; Bilolo, Nola. Cetnralafrikanska republiken; Nola, A.E.F. [[Haga]]; skiss; Mbimou; Central African republic
Spännbuckla av pärlemor. Orig. nr 3028 Öst-Celebes. Boeton Kläder o. prydnader; 1951.23.1866; Walter Kaudern juni; Báoe Báoe, ort på ön Boeton söder om SO Celebes; Baoe Baoe, ort på ön Boeton, söder om SO Celebes, Indonesien. [[Haga]]; Báu Báu, ort på ön Boeton söder om SO...
Fjädering för särskilda tillfällen, av gula fjädrar. För män.; 1927.07.0211; digitalfoto; V. 1927-07-0211; Walter Roth; Br.Guiana; Guyana; Guyana. [[Haga]]; skiss; Waiwai; Konservering K 80:161
Yoruba Ibeji figures, representing a male and female twins. The figures, when made, are soaked in an infusion of medical plants, and adorned with amulets to ensure the twins' good fortune.
An amuletic necklace worn to cure bronchitis, Woolwich, London.
Mourning brooche containing the hair of a deceased relative and a skelton.