Istoria femeilor

Descoperiți femei remarcante și munca lor de-a lungul istoriei

Novas histórias

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Hildegard von Bingen

Celebrating an early ecofeminist

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
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The Vivandières: women in the army

How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

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Not just a pretty face

Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

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black and white photograph of a young woman holding a horn-like musical instrument and a bag with an image of the horn
Women's history

Receive a notable story of a woman from history straight to your mailbox for 2 weeks

Fashion

black and white image of front cover of Femina magazine from 1906
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Femina Magazine

'The perfect review for women and girls’

A tray with 19 colourful embroidered buttons
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Women crafting freedom

The Antonia Suardi collection showcases the creative independence and activism of embroidery.

Tapestry full of motifs typical of dove-tail tapestries from Torna. Carnations, tulips, other flowers, birds and people, surround a flower vase.
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A Song of Love: Swedish Textiles

Stories of women's aspirations, support for one another and hidden power

stylised drawings of sleek women in fashionable thirties outfits
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Suits for women

Suits for women, designed by women: questioning the status quo through fashion

yellow, orange and white kimono with red and black dots
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Kimono

Kimono's social history represents a unique cultural exchange between Japan and Europe

colour photograph of three long dresses against a black background, one dress is orange, one is silver, one is red
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Bias cut fashion

Pioneered by designer Madeleine Vionnet, bias cut fashion turned a technical innovation into curvaceous silhouettes

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Elsa Schiaparelli

Declaring feminine willpower through fashion, Elsa Schiaparelli is one of fashion history's most renowned personalities.

Galerii
A century of silhouettes

Discover the changing silhouettes of women's fashion in the 20th century.

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Folk Greek bridal gowns

Bridal dresses in traditional Greek culture are colourful, rich and varied.

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Liberation Skirts

How Dutch women turned post-war upcycling into a symbol of female solidarity

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Callot Soeurs

A female fashion family affair. Callot Soeurs was one of the most influential fashion houses of the 20th century.

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Marie Jeanette de Lange

Active in the Dutch reform dress movement, Marie-Jeanette de Lange left a legacy on female fashion and society

Galerii
Corsets

For centuries, women have worn corsets as part of their wardrobes, despite becoming less popular during the 20th century

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
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The Vivandières: women in the army

How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

Literature & writers

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Hildegard von Bingen

Celebrating an early ecofeminist

Detail of a medieval miniature showing a woman (Erythraea) writing a scroll.
Galerii
Female literacy in the Middle Ages

Female literacy during the Middle Ages was surprisingly high and many women encouraged reading and learning.

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
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Sarojini Naidu

India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

colour illustration of a woman wearing a dress standing near a dressed bear which stands on its hind legs
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Beauty and the Beast

Meet the female authors and illustrators who brought the fairy tale to life

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Female authors

Portraits of poets, authors, journalists and writers from across Europe.

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Jelena Dimitrijević

Serbia’s first feminist author: a writer and traveller who led a remarkable life

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Madame de Staël

Writer, republican, literary theoretician and philosopher.

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Lorde, Baldwin & Roemer

Three Black authors from the Americas who have lived in Europe

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Astrid Lindgren

Learn about the life of the Swedish author and activist who wrote beloved children's books.

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Celebrity chefs of the past

Meet the women who taught Europe to cook.

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Travelling through the pages

Travelling in our minds with books, like Selma Lagerlöf's The Wonderful Adventures of Nils

black and white illustration, portrait of a woman wearing a dress and a crucifix
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Matilde Serao's war diary

World War I diaries of a journalist and novelist who was Italy's first female newspaper editor

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5 European anti-heroines

Read about female characters in European literature who broke the mould.

lithograph depicting a portrait of Anna Maria van Schurman
Persoană
Anna Maria van Schurman

van Schurman was a humanist, writer, and poet in the 17th Century. Se was the first female Dutch university student.

Expoziții
Dora Gabe

One of Bulgaria’s most cherished poets during her lifetime

Performing arts

colourised photograph of Rosario Soler
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Rosario Soler

Popular Spanish soprano singer and actor in the early 20th century

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Not just a pretty face

Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

colour painting of La Goulue
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La Goulue

Meet 'the Queen of Montmartre', the French can-can dancer at the Moulin Rouge in Paris

cropped black and white photograph of Raffaella Carra
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Raffaella Carrà

Beloved Italian entertainment icon: a singer, dancer, actor and television star

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Madame Delait, bearded lady

Clémentine Delait was a French bearded lady who found fame in the early 20th century

Photo of Billie Holiday with her dog
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Young, Gifted and Black

Black women's jazz legacies in Europe

black and white cropped drawing of ballerina Fanny Elssler
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Fanny Elssler

Learn about the Austrian ballerina, one of the finest dancers of the Romantic era

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Unė Baye

From Hollywood glamour to the Siberian gulag, explore this Lithuanian actor and director's life

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Lucile Grahn

The first Danish ballerina to became internationally famous and pursue a ballet career

black and white portrait of Alice Guy-Blaché
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Alice Guy-Blaché

Alice Guy-Blaché was a cinema pioneer: the first female film director and the first woman to run her own studio

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Eartha Kitt

Singer, actor and activist known for her distinctive singing style and voice

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Jenny Lind: the Swedish Nightingale

Hugely talented Swedish opera singer who enjoyed worldwide fame in the mid-19th century

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Miriam Makeba, Mama Africa

Singer-songwriter and advocate for the rights of Black people across the world

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Liane de Pougy

From Folies Bergère to Order of Saint Dominic - the incredible story of one woman: a courtesan, a princess and a saint

black and white photograph of a woman wearing a suit, she is lying down singing into a microphone
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Siw Malmkvist

Meet the singer and actress who was the first Swede to hit the US charts

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Pola Negri

The cinematic life of Poland’s first film star

black and white photograph of Suzy Solidor who sits in a car with a large dog sitting next to her
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Suzy Solidor

Lesbian entrepreneur, actress, singer and 'the most painted woman in the world

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Anna May Wong

Challenging the stereotypes of Hollywood

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Monica Zetterlund

Swedish jazz singer and actress Monica Zetterlund’s long career lasted for several decades.

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Josephine Baker

Dancer, spy and freedom fighter - Josephine Baker was a force throughout her life as a performer and activist.

Society & politics

Black and white photograph of Noor Inayat Khan wearing a uniform hat with a crest in the middle
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Historical women with disabilities

Four women who helped change the world we live in

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The Indian Suffragettes

Four Indian women who brought about change in Britain and India

a bronze bust of Rosa Luxemburg stands on a pedestal in a park. Her halflong hair bobs around her face, she stares defiantly into the distance.
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Rosa Luxemburg

Her passion for revolution and justice sent shockwaves through German society

colour portrait of Simone Veil
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Simone Veil

Activist, feminist, politician and Holocaust survivor, whose life reflects high and low points of the 20th century

Organizare
Atria collections

Browse the collections of Atria, an Amsterdam-based institute on gender equality and women's history

colour illustration of women wearing dresses working in fields while men hold umbrellas over them
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Picturing women at work

What visual representations of women working tell us about women’s history

black and white portrait of Angela Davis
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Angela Davis

African-American political activist, philosopher and author combatting racism, sexism and homophobia

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A woman’s work is never done

Long before the home office was invented, working at home was already commonplace for one group within society: women.

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Women at Work

Women's work has long been overlooked, raising questions of equality, rights and work-life balance.

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Suffragettes

The long and hard battle for social reform and a voice for women in politics.

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Carving a place for women

How many statues in your hometown represent women?

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Countess Markievicz

Political pioneer who was a leader in the fight for Ireland’s independence

Illustration of four types of parrots by Graceanna Lewis. Depicts a macaw, lory, ground parrot, and cockatoo (the last is a reproduction of an illustration by John Gould)
Expoziții
Women writing birds

Learn about pioneering American ornithologists and their early environmental activism

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
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Sarojini Naidu

India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

Sport

A  group of women standing in a circle with raised arms, performing at the gymnastic festival.
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Women, sport and dictatorships

Gallery of propaganda images for sport events where women had to confront idealised stereotypes of their bodies.

colour painting of gymnast Věra Čáslavská doing a gymnastics move
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Gymnast Věra Čáslavská

Icon of Czech gymnastics who subtly protested Soviet invasion at the 1968 Olympics

black and white photograph, woman ice skating with her arms raised
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Sjoukje Dijkstra

Champion figure skater who was the first Dutch gold medal winner at the Winter Olympic Games

sepia photograph of a woman standing side-on to the camera wearing a swim suit
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Fanny Durack

Irish-Australian who won the first women’s Olympic swimming medal

black and white photograph of Kay Espenhayn
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Kay Espenhayn

German swimmer in the Paralympic Games who won multiple medals

colour photograph of Kathleen McKane Godfree playing tennis
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Kathleen McKane Godfree

Champion tennis player in the 1920s who won Olympic medals and Wimbledon titles

colourised photograph of Sonja Henie who is jumping during an figure skating routine
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Sonja Henie

Norwegian figure skater who has won more Olympic and World titles than any other female figure skater

six young women lined up at the beginning of a running race
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School sports

Explore archive photographs of sporting activities at a girls school in Dublin

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Trude Pritzi & Richard Bergmann

Table tennis world champions from Vienna

Black and white photograph of Lidiya Skoblikova skating in front of a large crowd
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Lidiya Skoblikova

Russian speed skater who won six Olympic gold medals

Lilly Steinschneider wearing a pilot costume, she is holding her eye protecting goggles and her pilot cap in her right hand
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Lilly Steinschneider

Hungary's first female pilot who conqueried the skies in 1912

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Éva Székely, swimmer and survivor

Hungarian Olympic gold medallist who survived the Holocaust and lived through the 1956 Revolution

Pionieri

O expoziție specială cu privire la opt femei europene remarcabile în arte, științe și societate.

Tessa Verney Wheeler
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Groundbreaking women in archaeology

Discover the stories of pioneering female archaeologists from across Europe

Expoziții
Maria Skłodowska-Curie

The famous scientist is remembered for her discoveries and pioneering research on radioactivity.

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Aletta Jacobs

Aletta Jacobs was one of the women involved in fighting for suffrage who had a profound impact on Dutch society.

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Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu

Born Elisa Leonida in 1887, this pioneer had engineering in her blood.

Susan Fenimore Cooper
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Susan Fenimore Cooper

America's first female nature writer

A portrait of Olive Thorne Miller from 'A Woman of the Century' (1893) edited by Frances Elizabeth Willard and Mary Ashton Rice Livermore
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Olive Thorne Miller

Contributed to the bird welfare movement of the 19th century by protesting against Victorian taxidermy fashion

Portrait of Graceanna Lewis
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Graceanna Lewis

Self-taught scientist leading research at the margin of the male-dominated sphere of formal academic associations.

Portrait of young Florence Merriam Bailey
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Florence Merriam Bailey

First female associate member of the American Ornithologists’ Union and an activist against the plumage trade

Portrait of young Fannie Hardy
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Fannie Hardy Eckstorm

Ornithologist and folklorist who was a supporter of the democratisation of science

Art

painting of by Rosalba of herself holding a portait of her sister
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Rosalba Carriera

Renowned painter of the Republic of Venice

landscape painting of a woman standing in a garden with view of Vienna in background
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Tina Blau

Explore the art of a 19th century Austrian Impressionist who was known for landscape studies

black and white photograph, a young woman and her reflection
Galerii
Pioneer women photographers

Explore photographs by pioneering women photographers from across Europe

black and white photograph, portrait of Frida Kahlo
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Frida Kahlo

Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is a role model for generations of artists, bisexual women and people with disabilities.

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Art by female artists

Celebrating artworks by a selection of significant female artists from across Europe and throughout history

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Dublin statues by female sculptors

Exploring public art in Dublin by three female sculptors

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Olga Boznańska

A life devoted to art

Expoziții
Women in Art Nouveau

How Art Nouveau reflects women’s changing roles and status in the late 19th century.

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Anna Atkins & Algae

British botanist and photographer, Anna Atkins was a pioneer in photography and cyanotypes

From Russia with love: Misia Sert, queen of Paris

Misia Sert was one of the most intriguing and influential women in Belle Époque Paris.

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Gerda Koepff

Pioneering Art Nouveau collector

Expoziții
Maria Sibylla Merian

Maria Sibylla Merian was born in Frankfurt in 1647 and raised in a family of artists.

Expoziții
Sofonisba Anguissola

Italian Renaissance painter Sofonisba Anguissola was the first female artist to achieve international recognition

Expoziții
Amalia Lindegren

Amalia Euphrosyne Lindegren was one of Sweden’s most popular 19th century artists and painters.

Scenarii de învățare despre femei

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A Timeline of women’s rights

Cooperative learning, Cultural awareness and expression, Language - Upper Secondary Education

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BreakOUT the Glass Ceiling

English - Upper secondary, VET

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Middle Ages Feminism and Philosophy

English, French, History, Philosophy - Secondary school, Upper secondary

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Labour Market and Women

English, History, Language subjects - Upper secondary

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Farsa de Inês Pereira

English, History - Upper secondary

Encourage Young Women to Create Their Own Websites

A Learning Scenario on why girls often refrain from taking up education in STEM fields. One of the reasons is the lack of inspiration and role models.

Women at Work

In this learning scenario learn how the position of women in the labour market has changed significantly over the centuries. Discover how women transcended traditional roles associated with household work and domestic tasks.

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Women, feminism and human rights

This learning scenario illustrates the importance of human rights and women’s rights in the context of feminism.

Gender inequality in workplaces

This learning scenario is about the problem of gender inequality and workplace diversity in Serbia and possibly in other European countries.

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(stereo)Typical Women

Art, English - Upper secondary, VET

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Women in History colouring book

Art, English, History - Primary School

The Powerful Women in Europe

When trying to connect Cultural Heritage and Primary school, some difficulties might arise due to the difficulty in adapting the lesson to the level of the students or making them realize the importance of History and its impact in our lives. Working with...

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Slava Raskaj – Life and work

Art, English, History - Secondary Schools

Bloguri

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Flowers to fight diseases

How Swede Beda Hallberg battled a pandemic with small paper flowers

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The Story of Monopoly

How Charles stole Lizzie’s idea and made his fortune

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Roots of Mother's Day

From earth goddess festival to family feast - did you know that Mother’s Day has its roots in ancient traditions?

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Singer sewing machines

Discover the history of the Singer company and their world-changing sewing machines.

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Queen of Arts: Christina of Sweden

Christina of Sweden was one of the most learned women and benefactors in Rome.

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Fàbrica Gròber: industrial landmark

The Fàbrica Gròber textile factory is a landmark of Girona history even today, 40 years after its closure.

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‘Women, beware of bicycle face!’

It is hard to imagine that a little over a century ago, women were discouraged from riding their bicycles.

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Death to Militarism!

The Women's Peace Party was founded in 1915 as a reaction to the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.

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Breastfeeding heritage

As long as there have been babies, there has been breastfeeding

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