Barcelona artist Ramon Casas i Carbó sketched and painted evocative portraits of intellectual, economic and political figures in Barcelona, Paris and Madrid around the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries.
Medieval coins show that communication through both text and image was not restricted to books. Coins are tiny historical monuments, material witnesses of how medieval people thought, how they recognised and understood the world. Learn more from our blog
Dictatorships and communist countries used sport as part of state propaganda systems, where women taking part in sport confronted idealised stereotypes of women and their bodies. Gallery curated by CRDI, Ajuntament de Girona for Europeana Sport project
Female literacy during the Middle Ages was surprisingly high. Nuns were authors and scribes. Many other women encouraged reading and learning, especially noble woman. One example was Christine de Pizan, a poet at the court of King Charles VI of France.
Life in a monastery was structured through and governed by monastic rules, which set out the daily programme and the duties of each member. Most orders followed the Rule of Saint Benedict, but there were others. Curated by Eva De Cooman for ARMA
The Bible is not so much one book, as it's a collection of texts, written in different eras and by different people. In the Middle Ages, its books were often copied and read apart, e.g. the Psalter, the Gospels. Curated by Eva De Cooman for ARMA
Desktops, books carousels, lamps and candles were helpful when reading or writing in the Middle Ages. Curated by Hunt Museum for the Art of Reading in the Middle Ages project.
Apartheid was a racist segregation system in South Africa and South West Africa from 1948 to 1990. These posters, photographs and objects document anti-apartheid movements across Europe, in solidatory with Black South Africans.
The Church Fathers were a group of theologians and clergymen (c. 100-750 AD) whose writings and teachings were formative in establishing early Christian doctrine and were considered highly authoritative. Curated by Eva De Cooman for ARMA.
Black people have been portrayed in European art for centuries - often exoticised, subjugated and minoritised - reflecting that these depictions were made by white artists. Content warning: some of these artworks' descriptions of people are outdated,…