A história da mulher

Descubra mulheres notáveis e o trabalho destas ao longo da história

Novas histórias

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Celebrating an early ecofeminist

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
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How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

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Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

black and white photograph of a young woman holding a horn-like musical instrument and a bag with an image of the horn

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Fashion

black and white image of front cover of Femina magazine from 1906
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'The perfect review for women and girls’

A tray with 19 colourful embroidered buttons
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The Antonia Suardi collection showcases the creative independence and activism of embroidery.

Tapestry full of motifs typical of dove-tail tapestries from Torna. Carnations, tulips, other flowers, birds and people, surround a flower vase.
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Stories of women's aspirations, support for one another and hidden power

stylised drawings of sleek women in fashionable thirties outfits
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Suits for women, designed by women: questioning the status quo through fashion

pink, white, green and black kimono
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Kimono's social history represents a unique cultural exchange between Japan and Europe

colour photograph of three long dresses against a black background, one dress is orange, one is silver, one is red
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Pioneered by designer Madeleine Vionnet, bias cut fashion turned a technical innovation into curvaceous silhouettes

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Declaring feminine willpower through fashion, Elsa Schiaparelli is one of fashion history's most renowned personalities.

Galerias

Discover the changing silhouettes of women's fashion in the 20th century.

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Bridal dresses in traditional Greek culture are colourful, rich and varied.

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How Dutch women turned post-war upcycling into a symbol of female solidarity

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A female fashion family affair. Callot Soeurs was one of the most influential fashion houses of the 20th century.

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Active in the Dutch reform dress movement, Marie-Jeanette de Lange left a legacy on female fashion and society

Galerias

For centuries, women have worn corsets as part of their wardrobes, despite becoming less popular during the 20th century

colour illustration showing a soldier standing and a cantinière on horseback
Publicações do blogue

How the Vivandières' uniforms reflected their role

Literature & writers

Publicações do blogue

Celebrating an early ecofeminist

Detail of a medieval miniature showing a woman (Erythraea) writing a scroll.
Galerias

Female literacy during the Middle Ages was surprisingly high and many women encouraged reading and learning.

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
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India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

colour illustration of a woman wearing a dress standing near a dressed bear which stands on its hind legs
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Meet the female authors and illustrators who brought the fairy tale to life

Galerias

Portraits of poets, authors, journalists and writers from across Europe.

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Serbia’s first feminist author: a writer and traveller who led a remarkable life

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Writer, republican, literary theoretician and philosopher.

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Three Black authors from the Americas who have lived in Europe

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Learn about the life of the Swedish author and activist who wrote beloved children's books.

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Meet the women who taught Europe to cook.

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Travelling in our minds with books, like Selma Lagerlöf's The Wonderful Adventures of Nils

black and white illustration, portrait of a woman wearing a dress and a crucifix
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World War I diaries of a journalist and novelist who was Italy's first female newspaper editor

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Read about female characters in European literature who broke the mould.

lithograph depicting a portrait of Anna Maria van Schurman
Pessoa

van Schurman was a humanist, writer, and poet in the 17th Century. Se was the first female Dutch university student.

Exposições

One of Bulgaria’s most cherished poets during her lifetime

Performing arts

colourised photograph of Rosario Soler
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Popular Spanish soprano singer and actor in the early 20th century

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Women on Greek public television from the late 1960s to today

colour painting of La Goulue
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Meet 'the Queen of Montmartre', the French can-can dancer at the Moulin Rouge in Paris

cropped black and white photograph of Raffaella Carra
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Beloved Italian entertainment icon: a singer, dancer, actor and television star

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Clémentine Delait was a French bearded lady who found fame in the early 20th century

Photo of Billie Holiday with her dog
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Black women's jazz legacies in Europe

black and white cropped drawing of ballerina Fanny Elssler
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Learn about the Austrian ballerina, one of the finest dancers of the Romantic era

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From Hollywood glamour to the Siberian gulag, explore this Lithuanian actor and director's life

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The first Danish ballerina to became internationally famous and pursue a ballet career

black and white portrait of Alice Guy-Blaché
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Alice Guy-Blaché was a cinema pioneer: the first female film director and the first woman to run her own studio

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Singer, actor and activist known for her distinctive singing style and voice

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Hugely talented Swedish opera singer who enjoyed worldwide fame in the mid-19th century

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Singer-songwriter and advocate for the rights of Black people across the world

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From Folies Bergère to Order of Saint Dominic - the incredible story of one woman: a courtesan, a princess and a saint

black and white photograph of a woman wearing a suit, she is lying down singing into a microphone
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Meet the singer and actress who was the first Swede to hit the US charts

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The cinematic life of Poland’s first film star

black and white photograph of Suzy Solidor who sits in a car with a large dog sitting next to her
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Lesbian entrepreneur, actress, singer and 'the most painted woman in the world

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Challenging the stereotypes of Hollywood

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Swedish jazz singer and actress Monica Zetterlund’s long career lasted for several decades.

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Dancer, spy and freedom fighter - Josephine Baker was a force throughout her life as a performer and activist.

Society & politics

Black and white photograph of Noor Inayat Khan wearing a uniform hat with a crest in the middle
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Four women who helped change the world we live in

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Four Indian women who brought about change in Britain and India

a bronze bust of Rosa Luxemburg stands on a pedestal in a park. Her halflong hair bobs around her face, she stares defiantly into the distance.
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Her passion for revolution and justice sent shockwaves through German society

colour portrait of Simone Veil
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Activist, feminist, politician and Holocaust survivor, whose life reflects high and low points of the 20th century

Organização

Browse the collections of Atria, an Amsterdam-based institute on gender equality and women's history

colour illustration of women wearing dresses working in fields while men hold umbrellas over them
Publicações do blogue

What visual representations of women working tell us about women’s history

black and white portrait of Angela Davis
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African-American political activist, philosopher and author combatting racism, sexism and homophobia

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Long before the home office was invented, working at home was already commonplace for one group within society: women.

Galerias

Women's work has long been overlooked, raising questions of equality, rights and work-life balance.

Galerias

The long and hard battle for social reform and a voice for women in politics.

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How many statues in your hometown represent women?

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Political pioneer who was a leader in the fight for Ireland’s independence

Illustration of four types of parrots by Graceanna Lewis. Depicts a macaw, lory, ground parrot, and cockatoo (the last is a reproduction of an illustration by John Gould)
Exposições

Learn about pioneering American ornithologists and their early environmental activism

black and white portrait of a young Sarojini Naidu
Publicações do blogue

India's renowned poet and freedom fighter

Sport

A  group of women standing in a circle with raised arms, performing at the gymnastic festival.
Galerias

Gallery of propaganda images for sport events where women had to confront idealised stereotypes of their bodies.

colour painting of gymnast Věra Čáslavská doing a gymnastics move
Publicações do blogue

Icon of Czech gymnastics who subtly protested Soviet invasion at the 1968 Olympics

black and white photograph, woman ice skating with her arms raised
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Champion figure skater who was the first Dutch gold medal winner at the Winter Olympic Games

sepia photograph of a woman standing side-on to the camera wearing a swim suit
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Irish-Australian who won the first women’s Olympic swimming medal

black and white photograph of Kay Espenhayn
Exposições

German swimmer in the Paralympic Games who won multiple medals

colour photograph of Kathleen McKane Godfree playing tennis
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Champion tennis player in the 1920s who won Olympic medals and Wimbledon titles

colourised photograph of Sonja Henie who is jumping during an figure skating routine
Exposições

Norwegian figure skater who has won more Olympic and World titles than any other female figure skater

six young women lined up at the beginning of a running race
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Explore archive photographs of sporting activities at a girls school in Dublin

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Table tennis world champions from Vienna

Black and white photograph of Lidiya Skoblikova skating in front of a large crowd
Exposições

Russian speed skater who won six Olympic gold medals

Lilly Steinschneider wearing a pilot costume, she is holding her eye protecting goggles and her pilot cap in her right hand
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Hungary's first female pilot who conqueried the skies in 1912

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Hungarian Olympic gold medallist who survived the Holocaust and lived through the 1956 Revolution

Pioneiros

Uma exposição especial sobre oito mulheres europeias extraordinárias nas artes, ciências e sociedade.

Tessa Verney Wheeler
Publicações do blogue

Discover the stories of pioneering female archaeologists from across Europe

Exposições

The famous scientist is remembered for her discoveries and pioneering research on radioactivity.

Exposições

Aletta Jacobs was one of the women involved in fighting for suffrage who had a profound impact on Dutch society.

Exposições

Born Elisa Leonida in 1887, this pioneer had engineering in her blood.

Susan Fenimore Cooper
Exposições

America's first female nature writer

A portrait of Olive Thorne Miller from 'A Woman of the Century' (1893) edited by Frances Elizabeth Willard and Mary Ashton Rice Livermore
Exposições

Contributed to the bird welfare movement of the 19th century by protesting against Victorian taxidermy fashion

Portrait of Graceanna Lewis
Exposições

Self-taught scientist leading research at the margin of the male-dominated sphere of formal academic associations.

Portrait of young Florence Merriam Bailey
Exposições

First female associate member of the American Ornithologists’ Union and an activist against the plumage trade

Portrait of young Fannie Hardy
Exposições

Ornithologist and folklorist who was a supporter of the democratisation of science

Art

painting of by Rosalba of herself holding a portait of her sister
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Renowned painter of the Republic of Venice

landscape painting of a woman standing in a garden with view of Vienna in background
Publicações do blogue

Explore the art of a 19th century Austrian Impressionist who was known for landscape studies

black and white photograph, a young woman and her reflection
Galerias

Explore photographs by pioneering women photographers from across Europe

black and white photograph, portrait of Frida Kahlo
Publicações do blogue

Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is a role model for generations of artists, bisexual women and people with disabilities.

Galerias

Celebrating artworks by a selection of significant female artists from across Europe and throughout history

Publicações do blogue

Exploring public art in Dublin by three female sculptors

Publicações do blogue
Exposições

How Art Nouveau reflects women’s changing roles and status in the late 19th century.

Publicações do blogue

British botanist and photographer, Anna Atkins was a pioneer in photography and cyanotypes

Misia Sert was one of the most intriguing and influential women in Belle Époque Paris.

Publicações do blogue

Pioneering Art Nouveau collector

Exposições

Maria Sibylla Merian was born in Frankfurt in 1647 and raised in a family of artists.

Exposições

Italian Renaissance painter Sofonisba Anguissola was the first female artist to achieve international recognition

Exposições

Amalia Euphrosyne Lindegren was one of Sweden’s most popular 19th century artists and painters.

Cenários de aprendizagem sobre mulheres

Cooperative learning, Cultural awareness and expression, Language - Upper Secondary Education

English, French, History, Philosophy - Secondary school, Upper secondary

English, History, Language subjects - Upper secondary

English, History - Upper secondary

A Learning Scenario on why girls often refrain from taking up education in STEM fields. One of the reasons is the lack of inspiration and role models.

In this learning scenario learn how the position of women in the labour market has changed significantly over the centuries. Discover how women transcended traditional roles associated with household work and domestic tasks.

This learning scenario illustrates the importance of human rights and women’s rights in the context of feminism.

This learning scenario is about the problem of gender inequality and workplace diversity in Serbia and possibly in other European countries.

Art, English - Upper secondary, VET

Art, English, History - Primary School

When trying to connect Cultural Heritage and Primary school, some difficulties might arise due to the difficulty in adapting the lesson to the level of the students or making them realize the importance of History and its impact in our lives. Working with…

Art, English, History - Secondary Schools

Blogues

Publicações do blogue

How Swede Beda Hallberg battled a pandemic with small paper flowers

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How Charles stole Lizzie’s idea and made his fortune

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From earth goddess festival to family feast - did you know that Mother’s Day has its roots in ancient traditions?

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Discover the history of the Singer company and their world-changing sewing machines.

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Christina of Sweden was one of the most learned women and benefactors in Rome.

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The Fàbrica Gròber textile factory is a landmark of Girona history even today, 40 years after its closure.

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It is hard to imagine that a little over a century ago, women were discouraged from riding their bicycles.

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The Women's Peace Party was founded in 1915 as a reaction to the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.

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As long as there have been babies, there has been breastfeeding

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