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The plants of Jurassic times were very different from those we know today. There were no grasses, no colourful flowers, and no trees with broad leaves. Instead there grew ferns, horsetails, and conifer trees. Very few plant fossils are known from the Solnhofen Limestone proper. Possibly the islands in the Jurassic Sea were sparsely vegetated because of the hot and dry climate at that time. But further to the east, near Painten, Brunn and Schamhaupten, or in somewhat younger beds, directly above the Solnhofen Limestone, we find fern leaves and the remains of cycads, and twigs, cones or even the trunks of conifers.
As there were no coloured flowers in the Jurassic, there were also no insects such as use this resource today. There were no bees or butterflies. But there were crickets that would have chirruped in the ferns, and there were cockroaches, grasshoppers (but no grass to hop in!), beetles, and diverse ants and related animals. Mayflies and dragonflies hovered above small fresh-water lakes.
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