Anatomy (from the Greek ἀνατέμνω anatemnō "I cut up, cut open" from ἀνά ana "on, upon", and τέμνω temnō "I cut") is the study of the body plan of animals. In some of its facets, anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution. Human anatomy is important in medicine.The discipline of anatomy is subdivided into gross (or macroscopic) anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy is the study of structures that can, when suitably presented or dissected, be seen by unaided vision with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures on a microscopic scale, including histology (the study of tissues) and cytology (the study of cells).The history of anatomy is characterized by a continual development in understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to 20th century techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Tomo II, Tavola 32. Various cases of intestinal strangulation or constrictions with interruption of the blood flow.
Plate VI. Veins and erectile venous plexuses of the female pelvis.
Plate XXI. The relative position of the cranial, nasal, oral, and pharyngeal cavities.
Tomo II, Tavola 33. Pathological anatomy of the bowel. Plate illustrates various cases of abnormal bowel openings where faecal matter is discharged. Figure 6 - illustration of a gastric fistula.
Illustration of male anatomy for artists, 1849. Standing male nude and skeleton. Drawn by Leveille, published by Mequignon Marvis fils, and printed by Lemercier, Paris.
Woodcut illustration, anatomical dissection scene, 1495
Illustration of various figures: small dark figure, hairy woman, and an upright creature.