Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis, known in English as Juvenal (/ˈdʒuːvənəl/), was a Roman poet active in the late 1st and early 2nd century AD, author of the Satires. The details of the author's life are unclear, although references within his text to known persons of the late 1st and early 2nd centuries AD fix his terminus post quem (earliest date of composition).In accord with the manner of Lucilius—the originator of the genre of Roman satire—and within a poetic tradition that also included Horace and Persius, Juvenal wrote at least 16 poems in dactylic hexameter covering an encyclopedic range of topics across the Roman world. While the Satires are a vital source for the study of ancient Rome from a vast number of perspectives, their hyperbolic, comic mode of expression makes the use of statements found within them as simple fact problematic. At first glance the Satires could be read as a critique of pagan Rome, perhaps ensuring their survival in Christian monastic scriptoria, a bottleneck in preservation when the large majority of ancient texts were lost.
Satire VI, lines 364-397: unique passage concerns the Roman women’s welcome for effete males, ‘cinaedi’ (left-hand page, end of line five), who are elsewhere better segregated even at gladiator school.
Text pages with beginning of the fourth book and tenth satire: 'LIBER QUARTUS ET SATYRA DECIMA…' in multicoloured capital letters. Decorated initial 'O(MNIBUS)' in gold with white-vine stems interlacing on rose, blue and green ground.
The fifth edition, adorn'd with sculptures..; Translated into English verse by Mr. Dryden, and other eminent hands. To which is prefix'd a discourse concerning the original and progress of satir..; The second and fifteenth satires of Juvenal translated by Nahum Tate; the...
Detail. Close-up of text with gloss.
Text page. Decorated initial ‘Q(VIS)’ formed by bird curved back on itself bitten by a lion (?).
Detail. Text with decorated initial 'Q(VIS)' formed by bird curved back on itself bitten by a lion (?).
Whole page. Start of Juvenal, Satura 13, gold initial E(XEMPLO QUOD CUNQUE MAlo) with white vine-stem interlace.
Text page with beginning of the fifth satire: 'SATYRA QUINTA' in multicoloured capital letters. Decorated initial 'S(I TE)' in gold on cusped rose ground.
Edition: 5; 5th ed.