Gesang Martohartono (1 October 1917 – 20 May 2010) was a renowned Indonesian singer-songwriter from central Java. He is the composer of the "Bengawan Solo," a tune which has become famous throughout Indonesia, Japan, much of Asia, and some other countries. The song is almost synonymous with the kroncong style of Javanese music. Martohartono was most commonly known simply as Gesang.Gesang was born in the central Javanese city of Surakarta (Solo). His father owned a batik-fabric business, which went bankrupt when Gesang was in his teens, plunging the family into poverty. Gesang, a self-taught musician who was illiterate in musical notation, supported himself and his family by writing songs and singing at local functions such as weddings and other formal occasions.
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