Marcus Tullius Cicero (/ˈsɪsɨroʊ/; Classical Latin: [maːrkʊs tʊlliʊs ˈkɪkɛroː]; Ancient Greek: Κικέρων Kikerōn; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC; sometimes anglicized as Tully /ˈtʌli/), was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.His influence on the Latin language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose in not only Latin but European languages up to the 19th century was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style. According to Michael Grant, "the influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language". Cicero introduced the Romans to the chief schools of Greek philosophy and created a Latin philosophical vocabulary (with neologisms such as humanitas, qualitas, quantitas, and essentia) distinguishing himself as a linguist, translator, and philosopher.Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited for initiating the 14th-century Renaissance in public affairs, humanism, and classical Roman culture. According to Polish historian Tadeusz Zieliński, "Renaissance was above all things a revival of Cicero, and only after him and through him of the rest of Classical antiquity." The peak of Cicero's authority and prestige came during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment, and his impact on leading Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke, David Hume, and Montesquieu was substantial.His works rank among the most influential in European culture, and today still constitute one of the most important bodies of primary material for the writing and revision of Roman history, especially the last days of the Roman Republic.Though he was an accomplished orator and successful lawyer, Cicero believed his political career was his most important achievement. It was during his consulship that the Second Catilinarian Conspiracy attempted the government overthrow through an attack on the city from outside forces, and Cicero suppressed the revolt by executing five conspirators without due process. During the chaotic latter half of the 1st century BC marked by civil wars and the dictatorship of Gaius Julius Caesar, Cicero championed a return to the traditional republican government. Following Julius Caesar's death Cicero became an enemy of Mark Antony in the ensuing power struggle, attacking him in a series of speeches. He was proscribed as an enemy of the state by the Second Triumvirate and consequently killed in 43 BC.
Microfilmato dalla Biblioteca Palatina (Parma) per conto dell'Istituto di storia del diritto dell'Università degli Studi di Milano. Riproduzione elettronica del microfilm effettuata per conto della Biblioteca Europea di Informazione e Cultura.; Parma, Biblioteca Palatina,...
Parisiis : Ex Typographia Dionysij à Prato, 1576 26,  h. ; 4º BHM. Catálogo de incunables y obras s. XVI, 2002, 114
Obra perteneciente al Fondo Antiguo de la Biblioteca de la USAL
clviii h. ; Fol. -- Sign.: a-t8, u6. -- L. red. -- Texto rodeado de glosa. -- Inic. grab. xil. -- Huecos para inic., letras de aviso.
traduzidos de Latin en Romance Castellano por Francisco Thamara ... Añadieronse agora nueuamente los Paradoxos, y el Sueño de Scipion, traduzidos por Iuan Iaraua-- En Anuers : En casa de Iuan Steelsio : Fue impresso ... en casa de Iuan Lacio, 1550 , 239,  h. ; 8º
Decorated intials 'S' and 'P' and gloss. Image taken from f. 144 of Paradoxa stoicorum, De officiis and other works; De differentius (Book iv). Written in Latin.
Rhetorica ad Herennium (italiano). - [Venezia] : [Gabriele di Pietro], [circa 1472-1473]. - 58 c. ; a-e¹⁰, f⁸ ; 4°. - GW data circa 1476. - IGI data circa 1478. - Goff data circa 1472-1476