Rose-Adélaïde Ducreux (1761 – July 26, 1802) was a French painter and musician. Eldest daughter of Joseph Ducreux, with whom she also studied, she showed at a number of salons at the Louvre, beginning in 1791 and continuing until 1799. She was accomplished both as a performer and as a composer.Ducreux later married the maritime prefect of Saint-Domingue, a M. Montgiraud; she moved with him to the colony, where she died, without issue, of yellow fever.A portrait of Ducreux by Jacques-Louis David exists; it depicts her at the harp, performing a sonata by Jan Ladislav Dussek. A miniature version of the portrait exists, painted by Lizinska de Mirbel. In addition, Ducreux herself painted a full-length self-portrait in which she is playing the harp; completed in 1791, the oil on canvas is now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.