Louis Gauffier (1762–1801) was a French painter. Born in Poitiers, he studied in Paris with history painter Hughes Taraval before entering the Prix de Rome competition; this he won in 1779 (La Cananéenne aux pieds de Jésus-Christ), and apart from a brief return to Paris in 1789 he would remain in Italy for the remainder of his life. Gauffier initially settled in Rome, but popular unrest following the execution of Louis XVI led him to flee with his wife to Florence. He could not receive patronage from France because he was branded a royalist, and this curtailed his career as a history painter. Instead he painted landscapes, which he would sell to English tourists. When French troops occupied Florence in 1799, he began to paint officers' portraits. Gauffier died in Florence in 1801.