Vitaly Mefodievich Solomin (Russian: Виталий Мефодьевич Соломин) (12 December 1941 – 27 May 2002) was a Soviet and Russian actor, director and screenwriter. He was the younger brother of Yury Solomin.Vitaly Solomin was born in 1941 in Chita, Russia to a family of professional musicians. From childhood he was fascinated by music and learned to play the piano. On leaving school he went to Moscow and in 1959 he entered Shchepkin's drama school. He studied in the class of Nikolay Annenkov.While a student, Vitaly rehearsed and performed at the Maly Theatre. After finishing the school he became an actor at this theater.In the 1960s Vitaly Solomin began to appear in films. He debuted in 1963 in 1 Newton street. His first big role was as Kirill in the 1966 film Elder sister.Vitaly Solomin shot to fame after playing the leading role as Cossack Roman in the epic film Dauria (1971) where he worked with his brother Yuri Solomin and other Russian stars, such as Yefim Kopelyan Viktor Pavlov and Vasili ShukshinDuring the 80s his performances in films directed by Igor Maslennikov were especially successful. Most famous of these was his role as Dr. John H. Watson in a series of films about Sherlock Holmes (1979—1986). In 1982 Maslennikov invited him to play the role of Count Tomsky in an adaptation of The Queen of Spades. His work in the serial Winter cherries was very successful.From 1 September 1986 to September 1989 Solomin worked in the Theater of the Mossovet. There he acted in a play based on Viktor Astafiev's Sad detective. In 1991 he returned to the Maly Theatre and staged Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Savage", playing the role of Ashmetiev.Solomin wrote the screenplay for and directed the 1994 film The Hunt.On 4 November 1974 he received the title of Honoured Artist of the RSFSR, and on 3 February 1992 of People's Artist of Russia. Vitaly Solomin died on 27 May 2002 from a stroke.