Tempest Anderson (December 7, 1846 – August 26, 1913) was an ophthalmic surgeon at York County Hospital in the United Kingdom, and an expert amateur photographer and vulcanologist. He was a member of the Royal Society Commission which was appointed to investigate the aftermath of the eruptions of Soufriere volcano, St Vincent and Mont Pelee, Martinique, West Indies which both erupted in May, 1902. Some of his photographs of these eruptions were subsequently published in his book, Volcanic Studies in Many Lands.He was born in York, and studied medicine at the University of London.In 1904 Anderson received an honorary degree of D.Sc. from the University of Leeds. He was President of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society, and in 1912 he presented the society with a 300-seat lecture theatre (the Tempest Anderson Hall) attached to the Yorkshire Museum in York Museum Gardens. This was one of the world's first concrete buildings.Anderson lived at the family home of 17 Stonegate in the centre of York. He built a pair of houses on the road now known as Moorgate, on land purchased from the Holgate Garden Society. He died on board ship on the Red Sea while returning from visiting the volcanoes of Indonesia and the Philippines. He was buried in Suez, Egypt. After his death, the houses he had built were left to his cousin, Colonel Fearnley Anderson.. He also bequeathed a substantial sum to the Yorkshire Museum.In 1911 Anderson was made one of the vice-presidents of the Old Peterite Club at St Peter's School, York. It is unclear whether Anderson was definitely an alumnus or this was through his connection to George Yeld, his exploration partner and a master at the school.