Aram Il'yich Khachaturian /ˈærəm ˌkɑːtʃəˈtʊəriən/ (Russian: Арам Ильич Хачатурян; Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան; 6 June 1903 – 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. He is considered one of the leading Soviet composers and the most renowned Armenian composer of the 20th century.Born and raised in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, Khachaturian moved to Moscow and—without much knowledge of music—enrolled in the Gnessin Musical Institute. He then entered the Moscow Conservatory to study in the class of Nikolai Myaskovsky, among others. His first major work, the Piano Concerto (1936), popularized his name within and outside the Soviet Union. It was followed by the Violin Concerto (1940) and the Cello Concerto (1946). His other significant compositions include the Masquerade Suite (1941), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), three symphonies (1935, 1943, 1947), and around 25 film scores. Khachaturian is best known for his ballet music: Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954). His most popular piece, the "Sabre Dance" from Gayane, has been used extensively in popular culture and has been covered by a number of musicians worldwide.Khachaturian was initially approved by the Soviet government and held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers since the late 1930s, although he joined the Communist Party only in 1943. Along with Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitri Shostakovich, he was officially denounced as a "formalist" and his music dubbed "anti-people" during the 1948 congress; however, after Stalin's death, Khachaturian was fully restored. In 1951, he began teaching at the Gnessin Institute and the Moscow Conservatory and became a conductor. He traveled to Europe and the United States with concerts of his own works. In 1957 Khachaturian became Secretary of Union of Soviet Composers, a position he held until his death.While following Russian musical traditions, he broadly used Armenian and to lesser extent, Caucasian, Eastern European and Middle Eastern peoples' folk music in his works. Khachaturian remains the only Armenian composer to rise to international significance. He is highly regarded in Armenia, where he is considered a "national treasure".