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Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈria donidˈdzetti]; born 29 November 1797 – died 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer from Bergamo, Lombardy.Although Donizetti did not come from a musical background, at an early age, he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had set up the Lezioni Caritatevoli and had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint, and it was from there that Mayr was instrumental in obtaining a place for the young man at the Bologna Academy. In Bologna, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, although it does not appear to have been performed during his lifetime.Through his life, Donizetti wrote about 70 operas, but an offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to that city and the composition of 28 operas, the premieres of all of which were given at that house or in one of the city's smaller houses including the Teatro Nuovo or the Teatro del Fondo. This continued—with some periods of discord—until the production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, Naples presented 51 of Donizetti's operas.During this early period, success came primarily with the comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. However, the situation changed with the appearance in 1830 of the opera seria, Anna Bolena which was the first to make a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene and, at the same time, to shift the balance for the composer away from success with only comedic operas. However, even after 1830, his best-known works did also include comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). But significant historical dramas did appear and became successful, sometimes outside Naples before reaching that city. Most significantly, they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to have a libretto written by Salvadore Cammarano) in 1835, in addition to "one of [his] most successful Neapolitan operas", Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been set to Italian libretti.However, accepting an offer from the Paris Opéra for two new operas, he moved to Paris in October 1838, and began to set his operas to French texts. These included the first, a French version of the unperformed Poliuto which became Les martyrs in April 1840. The attraction of moving to Paris was more than for receiving larger fees and prestige; Donizetti's chafing against the censorial limitations which existed in Italy resulted in much greater freedom in Paris to choose subject matter. Two new operas, written to French texts, were given in Paris. They were La fille du régiment (the first specifically composed to be performed in French), in addition to La favorite.By 1845 severe illness caused him to be moved back to Bergamo, where he died in 1848.Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, he was a leading composer of bel canto opera during the first fifty years of the Nineteenth Century.
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Comprend : [I] - Au pays qui l'a vu naître (Introduction. Choeur ; 5 v. In-fol., 4 p.) - [II] - Aujourd'hui [bis], mon inhumaine (N° 2. André ; T. In-fol., 4 p.) - [III] - Mon parrain Léonard (Après l'air n° 2. André. recit ; T. et S. In-4° obl.) - [IV] - Quel langage...
Intéressant couplage d'une face Pathé avec une face Pathé-APGA
Chante en italien : 'O mio Fernando'
Coll. Jalal Aro. Anonymes en duo