Hugo Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. (born in 1941) is an American philosopher, holding doctorates in both philosophy from the University of Texas at Austin and medicine from Tulane University. He is a professor of philosophy at Rice University, in Houston, Texas, specializing in the history and philosophy of medicine, particularly from the standpoint of continental philosophy. He is also a professor emeritus at Baylor College of Medicine, and a member of the Baylor Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy.He is currently editor-in-chief of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy and Christian Bioethics. He also edits the Book series Philosophy and Medicine. He is a fellow of the Hastings Center, an independent bioethics research institution.He was raised as a Roman Catholic, but converted to the Eastern Orthodox Church in 1991.