[Psili vrochula epiase/ It has started drizzling], Mitsakis, George, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, CC BY-NC

In later years, the musical elements introduced to the Athenian Variété, were described as 'light' or even 'European music' in order to significantly differentiate from other genres such as rebetiko, the urban songs of lower class people, a genre that was heavily influenced by the populations arriving to Greece just after 1922 and the Minor Asia Destruction.

[Psili vrochula epiase/ It has started drizzling], Mitsakis, George, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, CC BY-NC
[Psili vrochula epiase/ It has started drizzling], Mitsakis, George, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, CC BY-NC

Apart from any definition, we could give to rebetiko, it was strongly connected to these population exchange which led to changes in place of residence, work and economic conditions.

[Ola teleiosan/ All finished], Lambiri, Eleni, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, Public Domain Mark
[Ola teleiosan/ All finished], Lambiri, Eleni, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, Public Domain Mark

Migration, persecution, poverty, unemployment, misfortune, social injustice, prostitution and drug abuse are some of the characteristics of a long period in the lives of this social group. Issues which along with love, maternity and passion became the rebetiko themes.

[Vrechei/Raining], Peristeris, Spyros, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, CC BY-NC
[Vrechei/Raining], Peristeris, Spyros, Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” – Friends of Music Society, CC BY-NC