The Art Gallery of Jan Gildemeester Jansz, (1794 - 1795), Adriaan de Lelie, Rijksmuseum, Public Domain Mark
Academic art and new directions Faces of Europe: chapter five

Throughout the 19th century, Europe’s fine art academies – teaching predominantly in neoclassical styles – held sway in many countries. But there were also artists who worked outside this rarified world, by painting native subjects or finding inspiration abroad, to pursue artistic directions of their own.