Europeana presents Pioneers in collaboration with Mariya Gabriel, European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, a leading campaigner for women in the digital sector. This exhibition is part of Commissioner Mariya Gabriel’s strategy to empower women and increase their participation in the digital economy.
Throughout history, there have always been women who have overcome the odds to make important contributions to social, economic and technological domains. Many of these stories, however, are not widely known. Europeana, a European Commission initiative as Europe’s digital platform for cultural heritage, provides access to such digitised resources and Pioneers uses that content and seeks to raise awareness of women’s historical contributions to society and provide a platform for the representation of emblematic professional women in Europe.
- Larissa Borck (Dora Gabe)
- Beth Daley (Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu)
- Marijke Everts (Sofonisba Anguissola)
- Douglas McCarthy (Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Maria Sibylla Merian)
- Adrian Murphy (Amalia Lindegren)
- Ad Pollé (Madame de Staël)
- Reem Weda (Aletta Jacobs)
Sources and further reading
Marie Curie the Scientist, Marie Curie UK
Davis, Amanda. How Marie Curie Helped Save a Million Soldiers During World War I, February 2016, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Maria Sibylla Merian
Davis, Natalie Zemon. Women on the Margins: Three Seventeenth-Century Lives. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Wulf, Andrea. The Woman Who Made Science Beautiful, 2016. The Atlantic.
Etheridge, Kay. Maria Sibylla Merian: The First Ecologist?, 2011. Gettysburg College
Maria Sibylla Merian. Künstlerin und Forscherin aus Frankfurt (video), 2017. Städel Museum
Digital version of Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium, Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Gallery with Maria Sibylla Merian's works, Europeana
Fulmer, Betsy. Sofonisba Anguissola: Marvel of Nature, June 2005, Academic Forum 23, Henderson State University
Madame de Staël
Gray, Francine du Plessix. Madame de Staël: The First Modern Woman. October 2008,Atlas & Co.
Goodden, Angelica. Madame de Staël: The Dangerous Exile. May 2008, Oxford Scholarship Online
Germaine de Staël - the Woman Napoleon Feared from Sheroes of history (blog series)
Bengtsson, Eva-Lena. Amalia Lindegren: Aspects of a 19th-Century Artist, Woman's Art Journal Vol. 5, No. 2 (Autumn, 1984 - Winter, 1985)
L. Clark, Linda. Women and Achievement in Nineteenth-Century Europe. 17 Apr 2008, Cambridge University Press
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu
Gabor, Elena. Career as sensemaking for immigrant women engineers. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research 2014, Vol. 8, 113–128
Genov, Roumen; Baeva, Iskra. Incomprehension of the Nature of the Race Question: Saving the Bulgarian Jews from the Holocaust, Sofiyski Universitet „St. Kliment Ohridski"
Kovacheva, Adriana (2010): Found in translation: Dora Gabe, Slava Shtiplieva and Anastasia Gancheva in the editorial office of ‘The Polish-Bulgarian Review’. Przekładaniec, 2 (24), pp. 145-162.
Icons of the Bulgarian Literature (Bulgarian)
Dora Gabe, the poet, whom all men loved (Bulgarian)