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Helwan, Egypt; traditional Egyptian waterwheel

Helwan, Egypt; shows a traditional saqiyah, a waterwheel drawn by water buffalo. The animals are hitched to the wooden poles which are attached to a metal spindle. As they walk around the hollow wheel, the spindle rotates and drives the wheel which is half-submerged in water. Water flows into irrigation ditches which are cut into the earth around crop beds. Waterwheels are used by small farmers al…