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Scalpel, London, England, 1822-1869

Surgical knives have been used for hundreds of years. Examples made of stone have been found dating from Egyptian times. Scalpels are small-bladed knives for cutting incisions into the body and its organs. This example dates from the mid-1800s. The ridged handle would not have been hygienic because it would have been difficult to clean effectively. This could have resulted in bacteria being introd…