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Descriptions of bamboo-inhabiting larvae and puparia of Oriental soldier flies Ptecticus brunettii and P. flavifemoratus (Diptera: Stratiomyidae: Sarginae) with observations on their biology

The first detailed description of larvae of Ptecticus Loew is presented for P. brunettii and P. flavifemoratus from West Malaysia. There are pronounced morphological and behavioural differences between the last larval instar, inside whose cast cuticle the pupa remains, and earlier instars. The larval mouthparts are similar to those of other known Stratiomyidae larvae but may display a set of autap…