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Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788), 1754

Grandson of James II, known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie'. Bonnie Prince Charlie or the Young Pretender, was the grandson of James II, who was deposed in 1688. In 1745 he landed in Scotland and led a rising of the Highland clans, in an attempt to regain the British throne. He caused panic in London by reaching as far south as Derby before retreating. His defeat at Culloden by the Duke of Cumberland i…