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John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster

John of Gaunt (6 March 1340 3 February 1399) was the fourth son of King Edward III and Queen Philippa. He born in Ghent (in today's Belgium), then Gaunt in English. In his infancy, he was created Earl of Richmond and, by that title, admitted into the Order of the Garter upon the death of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, one of the original knights. In 1359, at Reading Abbey (Berks), he married Blanch…