Cat no. written on back in pencil. MANU 18th Dynasty Sedment Egypt This specific figure was made for the burial of a man named "Ra-mes".
Analysis shows date as possible 19th dynasty period, around 1250BC.
The Ushabti figures were very important in old egyptian religion.
The figures were placed in the grave to go with the deceased to the afterlife.
The figures first appeared around the 12th dynasty period (1800BC) and at this time, were very crude depictions of humans.
Later on, especially around the 18th dynasty period, the figures were highly detailed and both face and limbs were recognisable.
The idea behind these were that the figures would travel with the deceased to the afterlife, where they would work for him and do his bidding.
However, earlier ideas point towards the figures being used as a second body, in case the mortal remains were destroyed.