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CRE UNKNOWN; (16-17th century) This is a Ming dynasty dish from the Wan-li period (1573-1619). This type of porcelain is known as Kraak ware. ?Kraak? is the Dutch name for the Portuguese word ?carrack? or trading ship. In 1603, the Dutch captured a Portuguese carrack, which was carrying a large quantity of this porcelain. This was the earliest porcelain to be brought back to the West in large quantities. Kraak ware has a typically thin porcelain body with a central design surrounded by panels of Daoist or Buddhist emblems decorated in cobalt blue. The central roundel of this dish is decorated with a depiction of an eagle perched on a rocky out-crop. The back of the dish is decorated with panels of stylised leaves. This item is part of the collection of over 330 pieces of Chinese ceramics and approximately 15 items of Japanese ceramics from the estate of James McNeill Whistler, gifted and bequeathed by the artist's sister-in-law, Miss Rosalind Birnie Philip (1873-1958), in 1935 and 1958.
Birnie Philip Bequest, 1958.