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NIEUPORT, Edouard

An engineer and sportsman, Edouard was also one of the pre-eminent aeroplane designers and pilots of the early aviation era (from the late 19th century to the outbreak of World War I in 1914). As a pilot, he set a new world speed record of on 11 May 1911 at Mourmelon, flying his Nieuport type II-N, powered by a engine of his own design. Later that year at Châlons, he bested his own time with a new…