In later years, the musical elements introduced to the Athenian Variété, were described as 'light' or even 'European music' in order to significantly differentiate from other genres such as rebetiko, the urban songs of lower class people, a genre that was heavily influenced by the populations arriving to Greece just after 1922 and the Minor Asia Destruction.

Apart from any definition, we could give to rebetiko, it was strongly connected to these population exchange which led to changes in place of residence, work and economic conditions.

Migration, persecution, poverty, unemployment, misfortune, social injustice, prostitution and drug abuse are some of the characteristics of a long period in the lives of this social group. Issues which along with love, maternity and passion became the rebetiko themes.