Credits

The exhibition ‘Untold stories’ is based on the personal stories and items that people contributed via the Europeana 1914-1918 project in Germany, UK, Ireland, Slovenia, Luxembourg and Denmark. This exhibition gives personal accounts from across Europe for the first time, based on stories and items contributed by the public.

Europeana would like to thank all contributors who shared their stories and memorabilia via the Europeana 1914-1918 project.

Research and texts:
Alun Edwards, Stephen Bull, Frank Drauschke, Peter Englund, Jackie Storer, Everett Sharp, Lizzy Komen, Michelle van Duijn, Breda Karun, Katherine McSharry, Mikkel Christoffersen, Christine Kremer, Anna van den Broek.

This virtual exhibition is endorsed by renowned historian and WW1 author Peter Englund:

Peter Englund, born in 1957, is a Swedish historian (PhD, University of Uppsala, 1989) and Professor Emeritus of Narratology at the Stockholm Institute of Drama. He has written mainly on 17th- and 20th-century history – books that have been translated into 19 languages. His latest book is The Beauty and the Sorrow, which portrays World War One through the eyes of 20 individual participants and uses an experimental mode of narration. In 2003 he was elected into the Swedish Academy (the assembly which awards the Nobel Prize for Literature) and since 2009 holds the post as its Permanent Secretary. He has also worked as a war correspondent in the Balkans, Afghanistan and Iraq. He lives in Uppsala, Sweden, and is married with four children.

About
The Europeana 1914-1918 project collects people's digitised photographs, letters, diaries, photographs, film, recordings and objects such as trench art and souvenirs. In the run up to 2014 and the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War, members of the public brought objects and their stories along to roadshows to be professionally digitised and added to the online archive, along with their corresponding descriptions. All material collected by the project is channelled into Europeana.

For more information about the project, collection days or how to contribute your own items: Europeana 1914-1918

Rights
All story texts in the exhibition are CC-BY-SA. All metadata in the exhibition is Public Domain.

Leather-bound bible that saved Kurt Geiler's life, 1917, Verdun, Europeana 1914-1918 / Prof. Dr. Gottfried Geiler, CC BY-SA
Kurt Geiler (left), 1917, Europeana 1914-1918 /  Prof. Dr. Gottfried Geiler, CC BY-SA
Markus Geiler with the Bible , 2012, Europeana 1914-1918 / Prof. Dr. Gottfried Geiler, CC BY-SA
John Stafford, 5th Liverpool Regiment, in uniform, 1915-1916, Liverpool, Europeana 1914-1918 / Joan Almond, CC BY-SA
Metal crucifix of James Burke , 1915-1916, Europeana 1914-1918 / Don Mullan, CC BY-NC-SA
Service medals, German medals and a crucifix, 1915-1916, Europeana 1914-1918 / Don Mullan, CC BY-NC-SA
Items related to James Burke's experience as a prisoner of war, 6 March 1919, Europeana 1914-1918 / Don Mullan, CC BY-NC-SA
Reverse of items relating to James Burke's experiences as a POW, March 1919, Europeana 1914-1918 / Don Mullan, CC BY-NC-SA
Portrait of Bernard Darley, 1918, Europeana 1914-1918 / Merilyn Jones , In Copyright
Margaret Darley and St Johns Ambulance Wife of Bernard Darley., undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Merilyn Jones , In Copyright
William Andrews' helmet, damaged by shrapnel, 1916-1918, Somme, France, Europeana 1914-1918 / Michael Andrews, CC BY-SA
William Andrews' helmet, 1916-1918, Somme, France, Europeana 1914-1918 / Michael Andrews, CC BY-SA
Medals - reverse, 25/4/1917, Europeana 1914-1918 / Michael Andrews, CC BY-SA
Postcard from Emil Bernau, 8. Kom. 98. K. Inf. Reg. (Metzer Regiment), Europeana 1914-1918 /  Ulrich Steinjans, CC BY-SA
The note that George Cavan sent to his wife, 29 March 1918, Carluke, Scotland, Europeana 1914-1918 / Maureen Rogers, CC BY-SA
Matchbox with note, Matchbox containing note from George Cavan to his wife and children.29-03-1918; 1918-04-13, Carluke, Scotland, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Maureen Rogers, CC BY-SA
Locket containing George Cavan's photo, Jean Cavan, Europeana 1914-1918 / Maureen Rogers, CC BY-SA
Jean Cavan with her three daughters, app. 1920, Europeana 1914-1918 / Maureen Rogers, CC BY-SA
Postcard from Hitler to Karl Lanzhammer (front side), 19 December 1916, Europeana 1914-1918, CC BY-SA
10 postcards that together make an image of a French soldier (front sides), Michael Hannon, 1916, Europeana 1914-1918 / Deidre Archer, CC BY-SA
Letter opener, 1916, Lille, Europeana 1914-1918 / Deidre Archer, CC BY-SA
10 postcards (reverse) , 1916, Europeana 1914-1918 / Deidre Archer, CC BY-SA
Postcard 'The Heroes death', pencil sketch by Hans Gaigl, 27 November 1917, Mörchingen , Europeana 1914-1918 / Günter Gaigl, CC BY-SA
Postcard "Opfer" (Sacrifice) pensil sketch by Hans Gaigl, 11 September 1918, Mörchingen , Europeana 1914-1918 / Günter Gaigl, CC BY-SA
Hans Gaigl amidst his comrades at Christmas , undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Günter Gaigl, CC BY-SA
Hans Gaigl's wife Maria in traditional Bavarian dress, undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Günter Gaigl, CC BY-SA
Soldier at home for vacation, Family photo of soldier John Frederick Mack. On the right the contributor’s father Willy Mack, Europeana 1914-1918 / Thomas Mack, CC BY-SA
Passport of Joseph Heapes in later life, Royal Irish Rifles, Europeana 1914-1918 / Máire Uí Éafa, CC BY-SA
Medals of Joseph Heapes , the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and the Victory Medal, Europeana 1914-1918 / Máire Uí Éafa, CC BY-SA
Discharge certificate and testimonial of Joseph Heapes, Dublin, Europeana 1914-1918 / Máire Uí Éafa, CC BY-SA
Hospital recordof Joseph Heapes , 6 January 1913, Kamptee, Europeana 1914-1918 / Máire Uí Éafa, CC BY-SA
German sticking his tongue out at an Englishman, H. und F. Koepke, Europeana 1914-1918 / Dr. Achim Bonte, CC BY-SA
Frenchman being taught German., H. und F. Koepke , Europeana 1914-1918 / Dr. Achim Bonte, CC BY-SA
Poem about the surrender of Maubeuge., H. und F. Koepke, 7 September 1917, Europeana 1914-1918 / Dr. Achim Bonte, CC BY-SA
Englishman running away from cannon fire, H. und F. Koepke, Europeana 1914-1918 / Dr. Achim Bonte, CC BY-SA
Reinhold Sieglerschmidt in uniform, Daugavpils (Dvinsk), now in Lithuania., Europeana 1914-1918 / Jörn Sieglerschmidt, CC BY-SA
Reinhold Sieglerschmidt (r) shortly before was killed, 16 February 16 1918,  Nauroy, France, , Europeana 1914-1918 / Jörn Sieglerschmidt, CC BY-SA
Reinhold Sieglerschmidt as a child in Christening gown , Autumn 1883, Europeana 1914-1918 / Jörn Sieglerschmidt, CC BY-SA
Miniature farm animals made by Charles Grauss for his daughter Ghislaine, Charls Grauss, Europeana 1914-1918 / Memorial de Verdun, CC BY-SA
Illustrated letter from Charles Grauss to his daughter, 18 April 1916,	France, Lorraine, Europeana 1914-1918 / Memorial de Verdun, CC BY-SA
Sketch by Charles Grauss, 19 April 1915, France, Lorraine, Europeana 1914-1918 / Memorial de Verdun, CC BY-SA
Maria Wagener dressed in a First Communion gown, 1917, Europeana 1914-1918 / Irmine Thelen, CC BY-SA
Silver spoon offered to Maria Wagener, 6 April 1917, Europeana 1914-1918 / Irmine Thelen, CC BY-SA
Postcard of damage of the war, 18 November 1914-1918, Europeana 1914-1918 / Irmine Thelen, CC BY-SA
German prisoners at work, Verdun, Undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Irmine Thelen, CC BY-SA
Patrick Mulkeen's Service Kit Bag , 7 May 1917, Europeana 1914-1918 / Brendan Freeman, CC BY-SA
Giles Blennerhassett in uniform, undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Brian Blennerhassett, CC BY-SA
Blennerhasset’s commission into the RAF, 1 December 1918, Europeana 1914-1918 / Brian Blennerhassett, CC BY-SA
Knapsack of Victor Mitkiewicz, 1915-1916, Dornberk, Slovenia, Europeana 1914-1918 / Silvester Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Swordknot or “portepee” – a decorative item tied to the wearer’s weapon to signify a certain unit or section, item found in knapsack of Victor Mitkiewicz, Europeana 1914-1918 / Silvester Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Wooden suitcase of Michael Drašček, undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Rada Čopi, CC BY-SA
Passport of Janina Elizabeta Mazurkiewicz, undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Rada Čopi, CC BY-SA
Postcard of a river/cliff scene along the Wolga river, undated, Europeana 1914-1918 / Rada Čopi, CC BY-SA
Religious scene in a bottle created by a Russian Prisoner of War, 1916, Slovenia, Europeana 1914-1918 / Slavko Zupan, CC BY-SA
Laufzettel für Verwundete, item 3, February 1915 , Europeana 1914-1918 / Dr. Margrit Behncke, CC BY-SA
Laufzettel für Verwundete, item 2, February 1915, Europeana 1914-1918 /  Dr. Margrit Behncke, CC BY-SA
Postcard crew of SM Berlin, July 20, 1915, Europeana 1914-1918 / Bernd Rossberg, CC BY-SA
Rudolf Kämmerer Hand drawn colour map  , 1915, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Bernd Rossberg, CC BY-SA
Norwegian postcard, 21.11.1918, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Bernd Rossberg , CC BY-SA
Receipt for feeding horses J. Prinz zu Waldeck, August 24th, 1914, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Collection Thillenvogtei, CC BY-SA
Calculation note for horse feeding fees, August 24th, 1914, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Collection Thillenvogtei, CC BY-SA
Receipt for billeting and feeding horses, August 24th, 1914, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Collection Thillenvogtei, CC BY-SA
Receipt for lodging and feeding horses, August 24th, 1914, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Collection Thillenvogtei, CC BY-SA
Photo of Julian Kenda in uniform, Unknown photographer, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Simon Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Wooden gift box, 3 December 1916, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Simon Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Julian Kenda photo album, 1916, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Simon Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Three aerial shots, 1916, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Simon Kovačič, CC BY-SA
Delousing chit with a stamp on it, 1917, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Helga Berger, CC BY-SA
Card for recording clothing issues to Prisoner of War, 1918, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Helga Berger, CC BY-SA
Card for recording clothing issues to Prisoner of War, 1918, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Helga Berger, CC BY-SA
Hans Hansen Lindorff and his wife, undated, Europeana 1914- 1918 / Maja Christensen, CC BY-SA
List of Lindorff's 71 pupils, 1914; 1919, Europeana 1914-1918 / Maja Christensen, CC BY-SA
William Rose Townhill in uniform on a horse, 26/04/1915,  Europeana 1914- 1918 / Alan Townhill, CC BY-SA
William Rose Townhill in uniform, 26/04/1915,  Europeana 1914- 1918 / Alan Townhill, CC BY-SA
Paybook including will, 26/04/1915,  Europeana 1914- 1918 / Alan Townhill, CC BY-SA
Will of William Rose Townhill, 26/04/1915,  Europeana 1914- 1918 / Alan Townhill, CC BY-SA
Child Propaganda, 914-1918, Arzweiler, Lothringen, Europeana 1914-1918 / Jürgen Wärzner, CC BY-SA
Postcard Alwina Käfer-Auch at Fortuna Factory - front, 1917, Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Europeana 1914 -1918 / Gustav Käfer, CC BY-SA
Postcard Alwina Käfer-Auch at Fortuna Factory - back, 1917, Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Europeana 1914 -1918 / Gustav Käfer, CC BY-SA
Engraved ring "Gold gab ich für Eisen" (I gave gold for Iron), 1914, Europeana 1914 -1918 / Brigitte Bieche, CC BY-SA
Engraved ring '"Gold gab ich für Eisen" (I gave gold for Iron), 1914, Europeana 1914 -1918 / Brigitte Bieche, CC BY-SA